Pro- consul and the Viceroy
in Servants of the empire
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Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick, an Irishmen passed the Indian Civil Services (ICS) entrance examination in 1858 and was posted to Punjab as an assistant magistrate at Delhi. Fitzpatrick's view of what should be frontier policy, as intimated, was at odds with that of the Indian government and that of the army throughout his term of office. A suggestion that frontier political officers should be put under the direct control of the Indian government was adamantly opposed by Fitzpatrick. When the dynamic and innovative Lord Curzon became viceroy one of his first major policy changes was to establish the North-West Frontier Province. North-West Frontier Province, which came under the direct control of the Indian government through a commissioner based at Peshawar. Waziris and Mahsuds were hostile to outside interference long before the British displaced the Sikhs as rulers of the north-west.

Servants of the empire

The Irish in Punjab, 1881–1921

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