Punjab affairs are Simla affairs
in Servants of the empire
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John Lawrence, that Irish founder of the Punjab administration, was responsible for designating Simla as the summer capital of the British empire in India. Life in Punjab, as in India as a whole, was precarious for indigenes and Europeans alike. On arrival in Simla the Punjab lieut.-governor's carriage, in later years his car was one of only three allowed use of the main street and certain other roads. Dennis Fitzpatrick was lieut.-governor, Lansdowne was viceroy and the army chief was Antrim man Sir George White. At Kulu, in the village of Manali, Louis Dane would have encountered an interesting case of an Irish contribution to the growth of the fruit industry. Fruit industry is an important part of the economy of the state of Himachal Pradesh, of which Simla is the capital.

Servants of the empire

The Irish in Punjab, 1881–1921

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