Historicising the British possession of Cyprus
The contexts
in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915
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Historians of Cyprus have taken for granted the island's strategic role to Britain because of its central location and subsequent role in Middle East defence policy after the Second World War. Cyprus became a military base in 1878, while Stavros Panteli claimed that it was Britain's turn to exploit its strategic advantage. The British economist, John Hobson, writing when the Empire was a hot issue during the Boer War, argued that after the 1870s, industrialised Europe needed new markets. The debates on the Eastern Question focus on whether the crises were imposed on the region from outside, from the European powers or whether the Ottoman system was at fault. Abdul Hamid consented to the British occupying Cyprus as a defence measure. By the mid-nineteenth century, Europe had significant commercial, financial, spiritual and political interests in the Ottoman Empire.

British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915

The inconsequential possession

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