This chapter considers the ways in which the religious beliefs of Irish and Scottish migrants reflected their homeland origins. It explores the ethnic societies established by the Irish and the Scots, arguing that the political issues preoccupied a number of Irish societies in New Zealand. While the poetry of Scots in New Zealand contained references to historical personages in Scotland, most mention was found in the Scottish ethnic press published in New Zealand. A good deal of discussion about Irish politics appears in the records of Irish ethnic associations and the Irish ethnic press (the Green Ray and Tribune) rather than in personal testimonies. The depiction of Scottish history in the ethnic press sets it apart from the manifestations of Scottishness evident in other sources such as personal correspondence and shipboard journals.