Technical development and the human factor
Sciences of development in Rhodesia's Native Affairs Department
in Science and society in southern Africa
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This chapter begins with a brief introduction to the elaboration of technical development policies in Rhodesia. It then turns to the rise and demise of the most elaborate version of the trend in developmental science and to the Native Land Husbandry Act (NLHA) of 1951. The implementation of the NLHA had to be slowed down so as to 'deal with human factors'. The Act marked the height of Rhodesian technical development and would significantly transform African as well as white politics. Sociology and the 'human factor' displaced economics and agricultural science. The institution charged with administering and developing Rhodesia's African reserves was the Native Affairs Department (NAD). Changes in the Rhodesian economy after World War II created the context for the rise of technical development and the dominance of technical officials within Native Affairs.

Editor: Saul Dubow

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