Gordon T. Stewart
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‘To the greater glory of Scotland and to the benefit of Bengal’
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In India the jute mill owners were content to go on quietly amassing their millions, to the greater glory of Scotland and to the benefit of Bengal. The ability of the Calcutta mill-owners to sustain a generally favourable self-image was always helped by comparisons with conditions in Dundee. The Indian Jute Mills Association (IJMA) contrasted the strict discipline of the Dundee mills, where workers were kept at their machines with few breaks, with the Indian system of open mills and frequent breaks. This positive self-image was enhanced by the ways in which the jute industry was portrayed during great public events in Calcutta. The ceremonial occasion of St. Andrew's Day helps to understand what the jute wallahs meant when they said they were in Calcutta for 'the greater glory of Scotland'. The jute wallahs in public affairs were lilcely to be alert to the changing balance of power in India.

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Jute and empire

The Calcutta Jute Wallahs and the Landscapes of Empire


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