A platform for heroes
The role of the geographical societies
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This chapter discusses the images of the Arctic which originated in the activities of the geographical societies. The Royal Geographical Society (RGS) had a key role in promoting, advising and supporting exploration activity in most parts of the world. At the time of the RGS's foundation, interest in Arctic exploration was high, and the number of early Fellows with Arctic experience ensured a profile for the region within the Society. The regional societies were also important for disseminating representations, hut their focus and influence did not always mirror that of the RGS. Some of these societies are the Scottish, Manchester and Liverpool societies. The British Arctic Expedition of 1875-1876 became a matter of national pride, and a reassertion of Britain's traditional supremacy in the Arctic. It was in part due to the tone adopted by the RGS and taken up by the more popular media.

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