This chapter analyses the recent intensification of India-Japan security ties
from the Japanese perspective. The chapter stresses the importance of the
deepening dialogue between foreign and defence ministers and Japan’s now
regular participation in naval exercises in the last few years. It argues
that for Japan, the main rationale is geo-strategic, namely the changing
US-China balance, because Japan is no longer certain that the US will
continue to balance against China and support Japan’s interests in the
region. This makes India a central ally initially for burden sharing with
the United States in the Indian Ocean, for protecting sea-lanes of
communication and eventually for collaborating with Japan to support South
China Sea littoral countries. The shared values between the two countries,
and the expectation that India is a status-quo power in South Asia, and has
a long history of cooperation in international institutions, makes India a
natural regional security partner.
This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the connection between the United Nations' (UN) evolving approach to intra-state conflicts and the value system of the international community. This study takes issue with the relatively reductionist explanations of what the UN is and how it relates to peace and security. It explores the interest-norm complexes within which the cases in the Congo, Cyprus, Angola, and Cambodia were handled by the UN. This volume shows how relevant actors' normative preferences were resolved in specific peacekeeping environments where the UN was especially active in addressing intra-state conflicts.