This chapter analyses Japan’s Southeast Asian security partnerships from a
Southeast Asian perspective. Japan’s re-entering East Asia with a
combination of increasing trading ties and economic development (ODA)
initiatives in the 1970s and 1980s, slowly furthered economic growth and
prosperity in many East-Asian countries as well as Japan - a mutually
beneficial relationship that largely remained un-securitized. Beginning with
the second Abe administration in 2012, Japan began to include security
components in a number of bilateral relations with countries in the region.
This chapter divides countries in Southeast Asian countries by their level
of economic dependence on China and their threat perception vis-à-vis China,
which is the core factor in explaining the rationale for why and how they
engage with Japan, and shapes Southeast perspectives of Japanese-Southeast
Asian security partnerships.
This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the connection between the United Nations' (UN) evolving approach to intra-state conflicts and the value system of the international community. This study takes issue with the relatively reductionist explanations of what the UN is and how it relates to peace and security. It explores the interest-norm complexes within which the cases in the Congo, Cyprus, Angola, and Cambodia were handled by the UN. This volume shows how relevant actors' normative preferences were resolved in specific peacekeeping environments where the UN was especially active in addressing intra-state conflicts.