This chapter analyses the recent intensification of Japan-Vietnam security
relations from the Vietnamese perspectives. It argues that for Vietnam,
Chinese maritime expansion and territorial claims in the South China Sea are
an important motivation to deepen security ties with Japan. This chapter
examines how Vietnam has dealt with post-Cold War and contemporary maritime
security challenges, and discusses Japan’s role in developing their
bilateral maritime security partnership, before assessing the future
trajectory of the Vietnam-Japan maritime security partnership.