Stefan Rinke
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‘No alternative to extermination’
Germans and their ‘savages’ in southern Brazil at the turn of the nineteenth century
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Focusing on German settler in southern Brazil, this chapter outlines the campaign of genocidal warfare conducted by German (and other) settlers in an attempt to secure the frontier. The violence of German-born settlers against the indigenous Xokleng and Kaingang was in itself not exceptional because the Portuguese, Brazilians, Italians and other ethnic groups were all part of the same processes of dispossession It charts the debate surrounding the violence and examines the use of violent intermediaries to engage in the killing.

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Savage worlds

German encounters abroad, 1798-1914


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