Richard S. Hill
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The policing of colonial New Zealand
An interpretive framework, 1840–1907
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By 1840, the year in which the islands of Aotearoa/New Zealand were annexed by the British, the imperial state had developed a complex range of mechanisms for effecting social and racial control. In view of the coercive weakness of the British in New Zealand the main policing strategy was a system of 'indirect control', using indigenous authority within the tribes and sub-tribes. The Armed Police Force system ushered in a forty-year period characterised by a strategic policing mode located towards the condign end of the control continuum. In 1886 the constabulary was split by legislation into the New Zealand Police Force and the standing army or Permanent Militia. It was also a symbol of the change in state strategy from overtly coercive policing to one which, in the final analysis, rested on the concept of order maintenance.

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Policing the empire

Government, Authority and Control, 1830–1940


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