Albert Grundlingh
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‘Protectors and friends of the people’?
The South African Constabulary in the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony, 1900-08
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This chapter analyses the role of the South African Constabulary (SAC) and British attempts to establish imperial dominance over the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. It focuses on the relationship between the conquered Boer population and the SAC. The chapter also focuses on the wider and vital structural function of the force within the context of the socio-economic and political imperatives of the colonial state after the Anglo-Boer war of 1899-1902. The South African Constabulary had its origins in the war. The Inter-colonial Council, established to bring about closer co-operation between the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, was responsible for the administration and funding of the force. At the Brandfort Congress of 1904, which was to mark the beginning of post-war political mobilisation of the Boers in the Orange River Colony, the alleged incompetence of the SAC was discussed at length.

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Policing the empire

Government, Authority and Control, 1830–1940


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