Routines of state and visions of the promised land
English politicians and America, 1660-1683
in Revolution and empire
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The early histories of New York and Carolina clearly exemplify the intimate connections between English and American politics. Colonial patronage fitted into the routines of state, flowing along the courses of channels set by history and the present necessities of English government. The power held in America contained considerable rewards, which might include direct access to grant lands. Through the Fundamental Constitutions, as through most of his career as a leading English politician, Shaftesbury aimed to create a stable and effective state. During the popish plot and exclusion crisis, Shaftesbury championed what might have been a parliamentary revolution, possibly a more radical one than the Glorious Revolution of 1688, which occurred five years after Shaftesbury's death in exile. Shaftesbury's balance determined the relationship between central and local government, a serious problem in seventeenth-century English and colonial politics.

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Revolution and empire

English Politics and the American Colonies in the Seventeenth Century



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