This chapter examines the relationship between the two key terms, frontier and resistance. It also examines the interdependence of these terms and explores some of the consequences while deconstructing these structuring concepts. The 1980s and 1990s saw some extraordinary progress in the field of Aboriginal history. The frontier was not that space in which European men confronted the naked land, but was the space in which Europeans confronted Aboriginal peoples across the field of battle. Aboriginal culture and Aboriginal people were to disappear, either by 'natural' death, by murder, or by abandoning their own culture. The chapter considers how the new conceptions of resistance force a rethinking of traditional ideas on frontiers, and argues that approaching frontiers as spatially and chronologically circumscribed units is no longer tenable.