In Italy, just like in the majority of southern European countries, the
economic crisis that got underway in 2008 soon translated into a serious
political, social and institutional crisis whose consequences led to major
changes in the party system. Without a doubt, the most important change came
in the 2013 elections with the breakthrough of a new political party that
managed to capitalise on the protest vote against the system: the MoVimento
Cinque Stelle (M5S, Five Star Movement), founded by the comedian Beppe
Grillo. M5S then entered government after the 2018 general election. The
consolidation of the M5S as a governing alternative has had at least two
major consequences for Italy’s political system. In terms of elections, the
emergence of the M5S has led to the end of a kind of bipolarism based on
competition between left and right coalitions that has defined the Second
Republic in Italy. Ideologically, the discourse of the M5S has largely
shaped the political agenda of the leading parties in Italy on both ends of
the political spectrum.
This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book explores how experiences in Kosovo have changed the discourse of European security. It provides new and stimulating perspectives on how 'Kosovo' has shaped European post-post-Cold War reality. The book aims to contribute to the insecurity of the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on the Kosovo events. It investigates how 'Kosovo' has developed into this principal paradigmatic sign in the complex text of European security. The book also investigates how its very marginality has emphasised the unravelling fringes and limits of the sovereign presence of what 'Europe' thinks it stands for, and how it affects the discourse on European security.