Austerity policies were adopted in France in response to the European
financial crisis, but inevitably redefined the domestic policy agenda with
quite remarkable consequences on electoral behaviour and citizens’
satisfaction with politics, as well as on governments’ strategies in
building political support. This chapter first analyses the challenges and
changes facing the French left. It then introduces the major left-wing
political families in France, and offers a brief account of their political
dynamics. The third section focuses on the electoral performance of the
French left during the crisis period, using an analysis based on economic
voting theory. The fourth section investigates developments on the
ideological right–left scale and on EU issues, working with data from the
Manifesto project and analysing the manifestos from the 2017 elections.
This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book explores how experiences in Kosovo have changed the discourse of European security. It provides new and stimulating perspectives on how 'Kosovo' has shaped European post-post-Cold War reality. The book aims to contribute to the insecurity of the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on the Kosovo events. It investigates how 'Kosovo' has developed into this principal paradigmatic sign in the complex text of European security. The book also investigates how its very marginality has emphasised the unravelling fringes and limits of the sovereign presence of what 'Europe' thinks it stands for, and how it affects the discourse on European security.