Anti-state political opportunities
in Black flags and social movements
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This chapter challenges the assumption that the state is a strategic location of opportunity from the perspective of radical, anti-state movements. Political opportunities (PO) constitute conditions conducive for action, thereby helping social movement organizations to achieve goals. Using historical narratives from present-day anarchist movement literature, the chapter focuses on various events and phenomena in the last two centuries and their relevance to the mobilization and demobilization of anarchist movements throughout the world. It assesses some of these elements by using a number of measures for broader political environment of countries with anarchist organization, such as civil liberties, political rights, trade union rights, media rights, democracy, and human development. The chapter examines country-level movement case studies that are built on the arguments and analyses of anarchists themselves, discussing opportunities that each movement encountered.

Black flags and social movements

A sociological analysis of movement anarchism


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