Radical isomorphism and the anti-authoritarian diffusion of leaderless organizations
in Black flags and social movements
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This chapter focuses on anti-authoritarian approaches for spreading anarchist ideas and organizational strategies. It also focuses on diffusion and institutional isomorphism to the organizational forms and tactics often chosen by contemporary anarchist movements. The pathways of diffusion along relationships can be relational, non-relational, or mediated. The chapter investigates a number of organizational templates that have spread globally, which are not only replete with active anarchist participation, but also infused with anarchistic values, objectives, and organizational strategies. It discusses four specific leaderless organizations, which is termed as "anarchistic franchise organizations" (AFOs). These organizations include Anti-Racist Action (ARA), Critical Mass (CM), Earth First! (EF!), and Food Not Bombs (FNB). These AFOs possess anarchistic values, aesthetics, and strategies. All these AFOs are founded on strong anarchist principles, a main component being direct action: providing for and addressing a very specific need or creating visible protest of current societal problems.

Black flags and social movements

A sociological analysis of movement anarchism


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