Diderot and Maturin
Enlightenment, automata, and the theatre of terror
in European Gothic
Abstract only
Log-in for full text

This chapter argues the case for a partial overlap between Diderot and Charles Maturin who are conventionally labelled Enlightenment and Gothic. In Diderot's novel, the notion of the automaton is linked to the system of an anti-society of isolated Cartesian cells. And it becomes associated with horror and superstition, a phalanstery of mastery and slavery which anticipates the automatism of the Marquis de Sade. Diderot himself had been imprisoned in Vincennes and unnerved by the experience to the point of apparent capitulation to the authorities, so he had studied at first hand the condition he writes about. Automatism is indeed part of the theatre of terror and the relation between hypocrisy, acting and ritualized behaviour is part of Maturin's meditation. Maturin and Diderot independently share a self-conscious fictional heritage whose master trope is the theatre; this shapes the different questions they ask of the novel genre in a common manner.

European Gothic

A spirited exchange 1760-1960

Editor: Avril Horner


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 191 33 2
Full Text Views 72 12 0
PDF Downloads 16 7 0