Margaret Brazier
Search for other papers by Margaret Brazier in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Medical brethren
Abstract only
Log-in for full text

Chapter 2 addresses the presence of a third party in the marriage of law and healing, the Church, exploring the relationship between three key actors in the formulation of law relating to healing, the Church, Parliament and medical practitioners. The chapter outlines how, before the Reformation, the Church in Rome enacted rules in canon law regulating healers. It identifies the enduring influence of canon law on the organisation and regulation of medical practice. The prohibition on practising surgery imposed on most clerics by the Lateran Council 1215 is discussed as a prime example of such influence, driving surgery out of the monasteries and contributing to the development of the tripartite division of physicians, surgeons and apothecaries. The role of the Church as the principal provider of healing free of charge in the monastic hospitals is analysed. As more laymen began to practise, and the monastic hospitals declined, pressure to reform regulation grew. An attempt to establish a nationwide system enforced by the King’s officers, the Sheriffs, failed in the chaos following the death of Henry V. In 1511 the Crown intervened to create a national system to regulate physic and surgery endorsed by Parliament in the Act ‘for the Appointment of Physicians and Surgeons’. The Church did not disappear from engagement with healing – it became a regulator. The 1511 Act entrusted implementation of the licensing process to the bishops.

  • Collapse
  • Expand

All of MUP's digital content including Open Access books and journals is now available on manchesterhive.

 

Law and healing

A history of a stormy marriage

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 196 161 13
Full Text Views 34 34 16
PDF Downloads 21 21 8