Why in Central Asia, why in 1916?
The revolt as an interface of the Russian colonial crisis and the World War
in The Central Asian Revolt of 1916
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While a large number of researchers have studied the revolt of 1916 in Central Asia, they have not provided sufficient answers to two fundamental questions. Why did the uprisings take place almost only in Central Asia, while the edict to mobilize labourers was issued also to indigenous peoples (inorodtsy) of other parts of the Russian Empire, namely Siberia, the Caucasus and Kalmykia? Why did it occur in the year of 1916, even though its causes had been accumulated during many years of Russian rule? To answer these questions, this chapter examines the specificities of administration in Russian Central Asia, social changes in this region during World War I, and people’s perception of Russia’s situation in the war and relations with its adversaries.

The Central Asian Revolt of 1916

A collapsing empire in the age of war and revolution

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