Soldiers, citizens and strangers
in Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign
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This chapter conceptualises how compulsory military service and conscientious objection to conscription are political performances in the public realm that are constitutive of personal and political identity. It analyses the state in terms of the individual's relationship to and with it. Citizenship is the moment at which the individual becomes a political actor and enters into a formal relationship with the state and its institutions. The chapter explores conscientious objection to military service in relation to citizenship and militarised gender. The interconnections between citizenship, masculinity and military service have been well documented. The challenge that conscientious objectors pose to militarism and therefore militarised masculinities can be audacious and profound. Objectors to military service are an ambivalent presence in society: objectors are 'strangers' who destabilise the socially constructed organisation of modernity, which is premised on a co-dependent binary of 'insiders' and 'outsiders'/'friends' and 'enemies'.

Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign

War resistance in apartheid South Africa


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