In the decade after 1971, new social and political conceptualisations of lesbianism proliferated. Following the demise of Arena Three, a group of women, including Angela Chilton and Jackie Forster, established a new lesbian organisation and magazine, Sappho. The Hall Carpenter Oral History Archive, which represents the largest single archive of lesbian and gay personal narratives in the UK, exemplifies the connections between lesbian politics and history. Its history, and that of the larger archive of which it forms a part, is intimately connected with the development of lesbian and gay historical research in Britain and the place of oral history within it. The ambiguities in concepts such as 'tomboy' and 'bachelor girl', which enabled them to be deployed as indicators of sexual dissidence, also afforded a protection from the explicit naming of a deviant sexual identity.