Niilo Kauppi
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France's European policy
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This chapter examines the relationship between French political traditions and the construction of a European security structure. In France's Grand Strategy for Europe, French hegemony in the European Union was to be achieved by maintaining a dominant position in the French-German duo and by modelling European institutions on French administrative structures and their culture. France's quitting North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in 1966 was designed to reinforce the impression that it was the only alternative to American security dominance. The more Europe has become integrated, the more France's goal of constructing Europe in its image has become unrealistic. In general terms, President Jacques Chirac's vision of France and Europe has been very much in line with Charles de Gaulle's intergovernmentalist vision of the 1950s and 1960s. In the sector on justice and internal affairs, the French presidency would work on putting together a European policy of asylum and immigration.

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