This chapter emphasises that canals formed just one component of Manchester's transport system from 1750 to 1850. Roads and railways, as well as coastal shipping, were also important elements. The competition between road and rail, like that between canals and rail, differed by geography and by commodity. The major improvements to Manchester's road system were effected by turnpikes. The triumphant opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1830 heralded the beginning of Manchester's railway age. In the 1830s and early 1840s, it is important to remember that railway carried goods were susceptible to loss by fire, when cinders were thrown up by the chimneys of the locomotives' steam engines. One way in which railways asserted their supremacy over canals was by their assumption of ownership or operational control of waterways.