The Emperor’s new camp (1857–70)
in Mobilizing nature
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In 1857 Emperor Napoleon III invited celebrated photographer Gustave Le Gray to visit the newly established Châlons Camp to record its imperial glory. The camp's anxiety-provoking medical geographies are overlooked within the nineteenth-century French medical history and the global environmental histories of health. Long before the creation of Châlons Camp, military forts were some of the most prominent signs of the militarization of the French environment. Creating the imperial militarized environment required considerable effort and money. The nineteenth century saw the medicalization of France. Not only did the medical profession expand and become more organized, but 'medical discourse infused all areas of French society'. As well as paying careful attention to the Châlons Camp's medical geographies, Napoleon III and his supporters intended it to act as a vector of modernization.

Mobilizing nature

The environmental history of war and militarization in Modern France

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