Opposing militarized environments
in Mobilizing nature
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This chapter focuses on the civilian mobilization of nature, which turned militarized environments into zones of conflict between civilians and the military. Cries of alarm from civilian officials and local populations greeted the government's 1962 decision to create France's largest military base on Canjuers plateau in the Provencal hinterland north of Draguignan. The decision to create Canjuers was a fait accompli. Protesters therefore turned their attention to securing maximum compensation rates. Efforts to maintain hunting rights fitted seamlessly within long-standing concerns of civilian protests against militarization. Although the army tried to gloss its activities at Canjuers as environmentally friendly, it faced other criticisms regarding its stewardship of the French countryside. Despite some local cooperation, foresters across France attacked the army's environmental credentials in the early 1970s. In Cold War France, military planners repeatedly toyed with the idea of expanding Larzac Camp.

Mobilizing nature

The environmental history of war and militarization in Modern France


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