Bryan Cheyette
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Frantz Fanon and the Black-Jewish imaginary
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This chapter focuses on the heterogeneous juxtapositions which bring together diasporic Jewry and the history of anti-Semitism with the colonial struggle and anti-Black racism. It looks at the intertextual relationship between Frantz Fanon's and Jean-Paul Sartre's works. The chapter argues that both Sartre and Fanon slip between actuality and discourse in a bid to understand the impact of a dominant racial imaginary on Blacks and Jews. Fanon compared assimilated European Jews and Blacks in Peau noire as examples of racial groups which internalised racist structures. In his L'An V de la révolution algérienne, Fanon similarly notes that Jews, especially when part of the bourgeoisie, colluded with the colonial apparatus in Algeria. Fanon had served as part of the Free French forces in a war against racism and fascism and had lived through Nazi discrimination against the handful of Jews in Martinique and the larger Jewish population in Algeria.

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Frantz Fanon’s 'Black Skin, White Masks

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