This chapter focuses on two aspects of the church's North American experience which both complicated and extended its role as it had developed in the home country. First, the place of the church in North America was very dissimilar from its position in England. Second, North America gave the Church of England the possibility of operating on a far broader canvas and the prospect of bringing its brand of Protestantism to a far wider world than had been dreamt of in the first century of the Reformation. The chapter considers the progress and initiatives made by the church in America during the later Stuart period. The presence of the Church of England in North America offers an interesting case study of the later Stuart church, where some of the issues and problems encountered by the church in Old England were transplanted to British North America.