This chapter considers a wider European context. It recalls the story of Anglicanism in terms of debates about its place in a spectrum of foreign churches. Standard histories of the Anglican Church between 1660 and 1714 combine the story of its relations with dissenting rivals and its record of defence against Catholicism with accounts of internal tensions between church 'parties'. If the Church of England was justified by Erastianism, then the church elsewhere was the communion endorsed by the local ruler. Facing pro-comprehensionists who cited international Protestant opinion in favour of their scheme, their opponents went on insisting that most Reformed Christians abroad revered the Church of England in its exact current form. The transformed polemic was the church's Protestantism, including its declared fraternity with Reformed Christians abroad. Under the Tudors and early Stuarts, this conception of the national establishment had been used to prove its credentials.