The Restoration church and dissent might continue to be conceptualised, in terms used by Collinson of the earlier church and Puritanism, as two halves 'of a stressful relationship', defining and shaping each other. In their relationships with the Church of England, dissenters came to rely on a vigorous, often polemical, print culture that represented and conceptualised the church in robust terms as a persecuting authority. Patrick Collinson dated the end of the birth pangs of Protestant England to the Restoration. The Welsh Fifth Monarchist Vavasor Powell, entering into the debates about the Restoration church settlement of 1660-1661, produced a pamphlet against the prayer-book and episcopacy that went through four editions in those years. The Presbyterian poet Robert Wild, who had produced robust verses, larded with scatological humour, throughout the early years of the Restoration, wrote his The Loyal Nonconformist in response to the Five Mile Act.