Turkey's future relationship to the European Union (EU) will have a significant impact on both the role Turkey plays in Europe's future security architecture and on Europe's security agenda. Turkey straddles many cultural and political fault lines, such that it has been designated a 'pivotal' state in terms of regional and global security. Although Turkey's location might suggest that it could constitute a security burden to the EU, Turkey can equally be seen as a security 'provider'. With the Cold War's demise, many anticipated a decline in Turkey's strategic utility. Turkey's aspiration to join the EU is part of a broader post-1945 integration into the Western world. Turkish political culture notes a strong attachment to the utility of military force and a tendency to adopt a hard security approach to domestic issues, such as Kurdish identity politics and the role of political Islam.