EU Enlargement and security in the Mediterranean region
in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
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This chapter addresses the main security challenges faced by the European Union (EU) in the Mediterranean region and the effectiveness of EU policies in dealing with them. The EU's fifth enlargement, comprising eight Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries and the two Mediterranean island states of Cyprus and Malta, extended the Union's frontiers southwards towards North Africa and further eastwards towards Russia. The chapter focuses on the security of energy supplies, illegal immigration, terrorism and the Middle East conflict and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) proliferation. It then deals with the advantages and pitfalls of the Union's soft or 'civil' power approach. The 2003 Arab Human Development Report noted that 'the occupation of Palestinian and other Arab lands exerts a direct and continuous burden on the economies of affected countries and diverts resources from development to military and security objectives'.

The security dimensions of EU enlargement

Wider Europe, weaker Europe?

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