This chapter addresses the 'war on terror's' implications for democracy and human rights, arguing that it has legitimated political oppression and undermined democratization processes in some states in the region, particularly in Southeast Asia. It also addresses the associated 'Bush doctrine' for regional militarization and militarism. The chapter outlines the links between the 'war on terror', US foreign policy and the US hegemony, before outlining the ways in which these policies, interests and dynamics have played out in relations with the Asia-Pacific since 2001. It also outlines the threat posed by the US-led 'war on terror' for human rights, democracy and prospects for organized violence. The chapter reflects on the extent to which the United States might be viewed as a source of security and stability for the region. It concludes by highlighting possibilities for alternative security orders to emerge in the region which further individual emancipation.