The historical genealogy of an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
in European internal security
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The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) experienced significant growth in the late 1990s and the early part of the new millennium. This chapter provides a historical genealogy of the social norm environment of decision-makers in the AFSJ in the period until the Tampere Council Summit in 1999. It considers an analysis of the legal norms in the policy area in order to demonstrate the changing nature of the 'constitutional' arrangements. The chapter argues, that these legal and normative changes are indicative of a political process that could potentially lead to supranational governance in the AFSJ. It also argues that, despite clear normative developments up to Tampere in 1999, decision-makers remained attached to the norms of national sovereignty. This chapter provides prima facia evidence to suggest that the EU institutions, in particular the European Commission, attempted to play the role of a supranational policy entrepreneurship (SPE) in the AFSJ.

European internal security

Towards supranational governance in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice


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