Restoration
in Empire and enterprise
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This chapter opens with the Adventurers’ breach with Oliver Cromwell over his intention to use most of the confiscated Irish land to settle debts due to the army in Ireland. The disagreement came to a head when Cromwell dissolved parliament in April 1653 and ordered the dismissal of the Adventurers from all state finance committees and other salaried positions. The Cromwellian authorities in Dublin produced the Down Survey to assist with the distribution of land to soldiers while the Adventurers continued to press their claims. The departure of the Adventurers marked the beginning of a steady decline in the Protectorate’s finances and disasters in foreign policy that included the Western Design in the Caribbean and the subsequent naval war with Spain. The Adventurers made new alliances with their former royalist adversaries and the chapter concludes with a description of how the Adventurers leveraged an old relationship with General George Monck to help facilitate the restoration of Charles II.

Empire and enterprise

Money, power and the Adventurers for Irish land during the British Civil Wars

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