This chapter focuses on the struggle and internal debate that is taking place
in Tarquin’s soul and the outer action he takes, namely the rape of Lucrece.
From the beginning, Tarquin’s self is described as being divided, which has
an effect on his body and his soul: he experiences both a physiomachia and a
psychomachia. Tarquin’s inner forces, his reason and his will, fight each
other, and, eventually, reason is overcome. Shakespeare bases this character
representation on patterns from medieval morality plays and allegorizes
Tarquin but also lends him psychological depth on this basis. In Tarquin’s
encounter with Lucrece, a relationship of exchange becomes obvious between
them: she becomes the voice of reason, and, after the rape, a link is
created between her body and his soul. The chapter also takes into account
contemporary and classical sources on inner debates and the soul.