This chapter offers a reflection on two features of modern/contemporary
western humanitarianism: arrogance and compassion. The objective of the
chapter is to put forward and historicise arrogance, offering an ad hoc –
usable – definition, and to do the same with compassion. The chapter engages
with the historiography of this increasingly densely populated field,
offering reflections on the state of humanitarian history both within and
without this edited collection.