This chapter takes one episode of Spain’s modern history as a case study to
move the focus of Red Cross historiography towards less rigid national and
colonial categories. It focuses on the relief initiatives carried out during
the last war of Cuban independence in 1895–8. It suggests that it was here
that the American Red Cross openly made its push for world domination of
humanitarian power, and challenged the model of colonial expansion practised
by other national societies under a model set up and controlled by the
International Committee of the Red Cross.