Spatialising states
in Soldered states
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The anthropologists James Ferguson and Akhil Gupta identify two aspects of a phenomenon they call state spatialization: verticality and encompassment. Ferguson and Gupta destabilise the spatial assumptions underlying Westphalian notions of state sovereignty. The concept of popular sovereignty exists in Vietnam, expressed in terms of the Marxist-Leninist doctrine of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Within the broad theoretical approach, this chapter examines the key concepts of regionalism, sovereignty, legitimacy, discourse and ideology, as well as the possible methodological pitfalls of 'conceptual travelling'. Any analysis of the articulation of sovereignty and legitimacy in contemporary nation-building should include the regionalist dimension. The chapter explores the way in which governments conceptualise supranational governance. It offers a critique of the multilevel governance framework derived from European integration studies, and proposes an alternative better suited to the relational flows which characterise regional and global exchanges.

Soldered states

Nation-building in Germany and Vietnam

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