The liberal internationalist self and the construction of an undemocratic German other at the beginning of the twentieth century
in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
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This chapter seeks to reconstruct and contextualize liberal internationalism’s creation of an autocratic and militarist German adversary at the beginning of the twentieth century. Liberal internationalists used images of less civilized societies and of a militarist German state to accentuate their own virtues, both British and liberal, and to recollect liberal beliefs in progress. During the First World War, L. T. Hobhouse and other intellectuals considerably supported the official propaganda when they distinguished between a Western and, by definition, liberal civilisation, led by Britain on the one hand and a backward and militarist Germany on the other. Like later theorists of Germany’s Sonderweg, its ‘special path’ to modernity, they identified inflated nationalism as the cause of Germany’s departure from the Western model.

Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks

Changing images of Germany in International Relations

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