Interlinkages in EU–Andean Community trade negotiations
in Latin America–European Union relations in the twenty-first century
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This chapter focuses on the EU’s trade ties with the states of the Andean Community. Today these revolve around a combined Free Trade Agreement between the EU and three of the organisation’s members, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. The chapter considers the complex dynamics that have led to the opening of trade negotiations with the region and which ensured their ultimate if only partial success. The chapter argues that, given the limited economic relevance of the Andean region for the EU, the complex ties between the two regions can be explained only through a consideration of external factors. Trade policy developments at the global level, such as the failure of the Doha Development Agenda, or the trade policy of the United States, have ultimately provided the setting for negotiations between the EU and the Andean Community. Rather than limiting the analysis to these exogenous developments, the chapter considers how these have impacted both the Andean region and institutional decision-making in the EU to explain the outcome of EU–Andean Community trade negotiations.


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