The Pope and the pill

Sex, Catholicism and women in post-war England

David Geiringer
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On 25 July 1968, Pope Paul VI shook the world. His encyclical letter Humanae Vitae rejected widespread calls to permit use of the contraceptive pill and deemed artificial contraception ‘intrinsically evil’. The Catholic Church is now commonly identified as the antagonist in a story of sixties sexual revolution – a stubborn stone resisting the stream of sex-positive modernity. There has been little consideration of how Catholic women themselves experienced this period of cultural upheaval. This book is about the sexual and religious lives of Catholic women in post-war England. It uses original oral history material to uncover the way Catholic women negotiated spiritual and sexual demands at a moment when the two increasingly seemed at odds with one another. The book also examines the public pronouncements and secretive internal documents of the central Catholic Church, offering a ground-breaking new explanation of the Pope’s decision to prohibit the pill. The materials gathered here provide a fresh perspective on the idea that ‘sex killed God’, reframing dominant approaches to the histories of sex, religion and modernity. The memories of Catholic women help us understand why religious belief does not structure the lives of most English men and women today in the way it did at the close of the Second World War, why sex holds a place of such significance in our modern culture, and crucially, how these two developments related to one another. The book will be essential reading for not only scholars of sexuality, religion, gender and oral history, but anyone interested in post-war social change.

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‘The Pope and the Pill is a valuable inclusion to the history of sex and history of religion. It acts as a break from traditional interpretations of the sex lives of Catholic women and as a model for academic oral history interviewing.’
Twentieth Century British History
August 2020

‘‘Geiringer offers a fascinating account that goes some way to shedding light on hitherto hidden experiences. By putting testimonies centre stage, Geiringer gives voices, for the first time, to the emotional struggles Catholic women experienced in post-war Britain.’’
Caroline Rusterholz
British Catholic History
October 2020

‘David Geiringer’s fascinating and intimate account of the lived religious experiences of twenty-seven Catholic women in post-war England is highly revealing of the dynamics between social change, one Christian denomination’s response to the 1960s ‘sexual revolution’ and women’s experiences of each ... it should be required reading for any historian of religion, gender, sex and medicine in post-war Britain and beyond.'’
Stephen Parker
Contemporary British History

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