Trends of constitutionalisation can be identified beyond the nation state.
They follow two different directions, as this chapter shows. Outside the
limits of the nation state, constitutions emerge in the institutions of
international politics, and they emerge simultaneously outside the limits of
politics in the ‘private’ sectors of global society. Transnationalisation
confronts constitutional sociology with three different challenges: (1) to
analyse empirically ongoing constitutionalisation processes beyond the
nation state, (2) to develop a theory of transnational societal
constitutionalism and (3) to formulate sociological preconditions for
normative perspectives in politics and law.