This chapter demonstrates that the anlaysis of chapter 1 has been,
historically, reproduced across much of the academic literature on Prevent.
This literature, it will be argued, often sees the ‘solution’ to Prevent as
the separation of its security and identity strands. It therefore positions
the two strands as ‘separable’, failing to go beyond the questions that the
policy itself asks. It can thus be argued that the academic literature, even
when critical, has failed to develop an account of Prevent that conceptually
grasps the relationship between security and identity established in the
policy. This chapter then analyses two approaches to Prevent, emergent
within the literature, that provide a means of moving beyond this position:
first, an approach that argues Prevent has produced Muslims in the UK as a
‘suspect community’, and second, an approach that argues Prevent represents
a strategy of counter-insurgency.