Talking pictures
in Film editing: history, theory and practice
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After the rise of the studio system in the early 1920s, there was a gradual erosion of the film director's authority, and the producer was now securely in place as the key functionary. An example of the studio system's pragmatic approach is exemplified by the occasional practice of replicating a film, which saved costs on costume designing and music scoring and recording. One aspect to the studio system that was central to its evaluation procedure was the universal dependence on the preview. Making films inside the factory-oriented studio system required that they should be made within the time allocated, and the measure of this was the amount of cut footage that could be produced in a single day's filming. The shooting and editing principles that evolved through the 1930s, particularly with regard to the editing of dialogue, determined largely how sound films would be edited internationally from that point on.

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