Women filmmakers and citizenship in Brazil, from Bossa Nova to the retomada
in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
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What feminist filmmaking 'means' in Brazil has varied not only according to the history and contemporary status of women's rights and gender-related expectations, but also the chosen medium of expression (video played a vital role in expanding the discourses of citizenship during the 1980s) and targeted audience, as well as the geosocial locus of production. This chapter reviews the contributions of distinctive filmmakers in each of the three corresponding 'periods': military dictatorship, abertura, and retomada. It analyses the productive intersection of three transhistorical strands of activity: women's film education and their respective moments of creative emergence; the on-screen and off-screen relationship to the Brazilian state as an arbiter of cultural expression; and the textual definition and address of specific constraints and aspirations in relation to gendered subjectivity. The chapter directs our focus to the productive interaction of gender politics and aesthetics in the work of major women directors.

Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers

Theory, practice and difference

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