The Himalayan kingdoms, British colonialism and indigenous monarchs after the end of empire
in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Abstract only
Log-in for full text

In the mountain kingdoms and other polities of the Himalayan region, colonial Britain pushed forward the frontiers of its Indian empire, played the ‘Great Game’ against Russia and jousted with China for trade opportunities and political influence. Through the 1800s and early 1900s, Britain imposed a protectorate over Sikkim, exercised considerable sway in independent Nepal, promoted the establishment of a unified Bhutan and sought to gain access to Tibet. Confrontations and negotiations with local monarchs were key to Britain’s efforts. When Britain ‘quit’ India, the destinies of the states where Britain had gained a sphere of influence, and the fate of their sovereigns, hung in the balance. This chapter charts the varying trajectories of the monarchs of Bhutan, Nepal and Sikkim (and of the Dalai Lama in Tibet) during the late colonial period, and argues that the fates of the dynasties, at that time, and during and after decolonisation, was closely bound up with British imperialist action and its legacy.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 273 148 16
Full Text Views 3 1 0
PDF Downloads 7 1 0