The chapter explores the euphoria and optimism that the events of 2011 spread
among Arab liberals, whose long and stubborn struggle to expand the sphere
of personal freedom and democracy was confirmed as not being pointless and
unproductive. It also examines the disappointment and frustration in their
ranks in light of the success of Islamic movements such as the Muslim
Brotherhood in Egypt and al-Nahda in Tunisia in harvesting the political
capital generated by these events.